100 YEARS AGO THIS MONTH
The month of September has been home to many historical events over the years. Here’s a look at some that helped to shape the world in September 1923.
Half of Tokyo was destroyed when an earthquake with a magnitude of 7.9 strikes Japan just before midday on Sept. 1. More than 120,000 people were killed and an additional two million were homeless in the aftermath of the earthquake.
New York Yankees pitcher “Sad Sam” Jones pitched a no-hitter against the Philadelphia Athletics on Sept. 4. In addition to getting no hits, the Athletics players also went the entire game without striking out. The Athletics also were also no-hit by Boston Red Sox pitcher Howard Ehmke on Sept. 7.
The International Criminal Police Commission was founded on Sept. 7 in Vienna. Later known as Interpol, the organization maintains a presence in much of the world today.
On Sept. 8, Greece and Italy agreed to terms to settle the Corfu dispute. The dispute arose over an issue regarding the border between Albania and Greece. Tensions escalated when an Italian general sent to resolve the dispute was murdered in Greek territory.
Hyperinflation in Germany prompted a parade of housewives to march through Berlin carrying empty baskets on Sept. 8. The empty baskets were chosen to symbolize the women’s inability to buy food.
The Irish Free State, established in December 1922, was admitted to the League of Nations on Sept. 10.
More than 2,500 communists were arrested in Bulgaria on Sept. 12. The government suspects those arrested of plotting an uprising.
Oklahoma Governor Jack C. Walton declared martial law on Sept. 15 in an effort to combat the Ku Klux Klan. Walton also suspended the writ of habeas corpus in Tulsa County. Walton was ultimately impeached on Oct. 23 before being removed from office on Nov. 18.
Nearly 600 houses and 56 additional buildings were destroyed by a wildfire in Berkeley, Calif., on Sept. 17. Remarkably, no one died as a result of the fast-moving fire, though the National Board of Fire Underwriters estimated total property losses of $10,000,000.
Production of New York City newspapers ground to a halt when a pressman’s strike began on Sept. 18. The strike ended on Sept. 21.
A citywide raid on Windy City speakeasies filled the jail cells of Chicago on Sept. 22.
The first film adaptation of Jack London’s “The Call of the Wild” premiered in the United States on Sept. 23. Later adaptations of the novel featured legendary actors, including Clark Gable, Charlton Heston, and Rutger Hauer.
The German government officially ended its campaign of passive resistance against occupying forces on Sept. 25, prompting various extremist groups to meet and discuss overthrowing the government. One such group included the Nazi Party, then fronted by 34-year-old Adolf Hitler.
The first U.S. Track & Field championships for women were held at Weequahic Park in Newark, N.J., on Sept. 29.
100 YEARS AGO THIS MONTH